How to Create Dynamic API Routes in Next.js

Pitamber SinghUpdated On: May 23, 2024

Next.js is a powerful React framework that enables developers to build server-rendered applications with ease. One of its standout features is the ability to create dynamic API routes, which allows for flexible and efficient handling of data fetching and manipulation. In this article, we’ll explore how to leverage Next.js to create dynamic API routes and harness the full potential of server-side data handling in your applications.

What are Dynamic API Routes?

Dynamic API routes in Next.js enable developers to define API endpoints that accept dynamic parameters in the URL. This flexibility allows for the creation of APIs that can respond to various requests based on the provided parameters, making it easier to handle dynamic data fetching and manipulation.

Creating Dynamic API Routes:

To create a dynamic API route in Next.js, follow these steps:

  • Set up the API Route Directory:
    Start by creating a directory named pages/api in your Next.js project. This directory will contain all your API route files.
  • Create a New API Route File:
    Inside the pages/api directory, create a new file with a meaningful name, such as [dynamicParam].js. The square brackets indicate that the parameter is dynamic and can vary in each request.
  • Define the API Route Handler:
    In the newly created file, define the API route handler function using the default export syntax. This function will receive the request and response objects as parameters and can access any dynamic parameters passed in the URL.
  • Accessing Dynamic Parameters:
    Within the API route handler function, you can access the dynamic parameters from the URL using the req.query object. For example, if your dynamic parameter is named id, you can access it using
  • Processing the Request:
    Once you’ve accessed the dynamic parameters, you can use them to fetch data from a database, call external APIs, or perform any other necessary operations based on your application’s requirements.


Let’s illustrate the process with a simple example. Suppose we have a dynamic API route that fetches user data based on the user’s ID. Here’s how the route handler might look:

How to Create Dynamic API Routes in Next.js


Dynamic API routes in Next.js offer a powerful way to handle dynamic data fetching and manipulation in server-side applications. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can leverage Next.js to create flexible and efficient APIs that respond to various requests based on dynamic parameters. Incorporating dynamic API routes into your Next.js projects can enhance scalability, performance, and overall developer productivity.

Pitamber SinghI have been programming every day for the past 8 years. I like finding new ways to save myself time - solving problems, writing clean code, automating things.Get in touch

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